Selecting Granite Tile - Installation Your Own Counter Tops
   



 

Not available in parts of Oregon and Washington.

 

 

 

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Easy Granite Tile Glossary - Part II
Pitted thru Warpage


Go To: Tile Glossary Part I - Back-Butter thru Outside Corner

Pitted
Indentations in the finished surface of individual tiles other than at the corners and edges.

Pitting
Development of relatively small cavities in a surface, due to phenomena such as corrosion or cavitation, or, in concrete, localized disintegration.

Plumb
Perpendicular to a true level.

Pot Life
The period of time during which a material maintains its workable properties after it has been mixed.

Quality Assurance
A system of procedures for selecting project or portion thereof to perform the functions intended, and assuring that these levels are obtained.

Quality Control
A system of procedures and standards by which a constructor, product manufacturer, materials processor, or the like, monitors the properties of the finished work.

Rubber Trowel
The rubber trowel used for grouting is a non-porous synthetic rubber- faced float that is mounted on an aluminum back with a wood handle. This trowel is used to force material deep into tile joints and to remove excess material for a perfect finish.

Rubbing Stone
A Carborundum stone or sharpening stone that is used to smooth the rough or cut edges of tile.

Sealer
A material that is applied to a natural stone surface after installation and after the grout has completely dried which protects from stain damage.

Self Edge
Trim or facing on the side or in front of a countertop, also known as an apron.

Set
The condition reached by a cement paste, mortar, or concrete when it has lost plasticity to an arbitrary degree, usually measured in terms of resistance to penetration or deformation; initial set refers to first stiffening; final set refers to attainment of significant rigidity; also, strain remaining after removal of stress.

Setting Bed
The layer of mortar on which the tile is set. The final coat of mortar on a wall or ceiling may also be called a setting bed.

Shade
The gradation of color.

Shrinkage
The decrease in volume, or contraction, of a material by the escape of any volatile substance, or by a chemical or physical change in the material. Shrinkage crack. Crack due to restraint of shrinkage.

Spacers
T-shaped, Y-shaped and cross shaped, they are used in installations to separate tile on walls and floors. They are manufactured in thicknesses of 1/16", 1/8", 1/4", 3/8", and 1/2".

Staining
Discoloration caused by a foreign matter chemically affecting the material itself.

Steel Square
The steel square is one of the most important tile setting tools. The large arm of the square is 2? wide and 24? long and is called the body or blade. The smaller arm is at a 90-degree angle to the blade and is 1½?wide and 16? long; it is called the tongue. The point where the outside edges of the blade and tongue join is called the heel. The surface with the manufacturer's name is called the face; the opposite surface is called the back.

Stoning
The use of a carborundum stone to smooth rough edges caused by cutting.

Straight Joint
The usual style of laying tile where all the joints are in alignment.

Straightedge
A straight piece of metal, a level, or lumber that is used to align tile.

Substrate
The underlying support for the tile installation.

Tile Saw
A diamond bladed wet saw specifically designed to cut natural stone tile.

Triple Sided Bullnose
A type of trim with the same convex radius on three sides so that the tile may be split down the middle to make two pieces of backsplash which yields a left and a right hand finished corner.

Trowel, Notched
Notched trowels are available in the V-notch, square tooth, and round designs. The teeth are made in various sizes. The correct tooth size and depth must be used to apply the thickness of bonding mortar specified. These trowels are used to apply all of the various kinds of bonding materials for stone tile. The notched trowel is what is used to create the mortar bed.

Void
An unfilled space in a material of trapped air or other gas.

Warpage
A concave or convex curvature of a tile so that the surface is not perfectly flat